Glaucoma can affect people of all ages, but certain groups are at a higher risk. The risk factors include:

Age: The risk of developing glaucoma increases with age. While it can occur at any age, it is more common in older adults, particularly those over the age of 60.

Family History: If you have a family history of this condition, you may be at a higher risk. A genetic predisposition can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups have a higher prevalence of glaucoma. For example, individuals of African descent are more prone to develop primary open-angle glaucoma, and people of Asian descent may have a higher risk of angle-closure glaucoma.

Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, may increase your risks. Other factors, like heart disease and hypothyroidism, may also be associated with an increased risk.

Eye Conditions: Previous eye injuries, chronic eye inflammation, and certain conditions like retinal detachment or thinning of the cornea may increase the risks.

High Intraocular Pressure (IOP): Elevated intraocular pressure is a significant risk factor for glaucoma. However, glaucoma can still develop at normal or low IOP levels, and not everyone with high IOP will develop the condition.

Steroid Use: Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications, whether in the form of eye drops, oral medications, or systemic injections, may increase your chances.

It’s important to note that glaucoma can develop in individuals without any of these risk factors, and having one or more risk factors doesn’t guarantee that a person will develop the condition. Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection, especially for those with risk factors, as glaucoma often progresses without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. If you fall into any of these high-risk categories or have concerns about your eye health, it’s advisable to schedule regular eye check-ups with an eye care professional.

Book in for your consultation here with Mr Vik Sharma, Consultant Ophthalmologist at Harley Street Eye Hospital.